Causality in relations between the social actors does not have the same degree of uniformity, equivalency and necessity like relations in natural processes. Argumentation in discourse of social actors does not have apodictic and axiomatic starting points but is based on dialectical syllogism, respectively on anomalous inferentialism, where truth value of statements is not just factual or just logical / syntactical but more linguistical and semantical, probabilistic and possibilistic. For the understanding of anomalous causality in social relations, processes, and states of affairs, same as informal anomalous argumentation, the author proposes the construction of one projective semantics of social relations that has possibility of fuzzyfication of linguistics variables, computing with words, and projecting semantical sequences of meaningful information. Therefore the author suggests possibility of development of one projective sociology for modeling of forms of the social inferentialism.
- SOME INSIGHTS ON GELLNER’S CONSTRUCTION OF MODERN NATION AND POSITION OF IMMANENT NATIONALISM
This paper focuses on the analysis of Gellner modernist theory of nationalism and its orientation towards specific components that are generated during the period of European modernism which enabled the construction of the nation as a socio-political constructs of that time. What will be shown is that Gellner’s conception of nationalism cannot be interpreted in the context of the discussion about “battered metaphors” which lost its use value in the era of modern social organizations, and that nationalism is not merely an instrumental activity which becomes meaningless after the completion of the process of creating homogeneous national states. The paper aims to show how Gellner’s insights and methods of objectifying the nationalist project in the era of modernity can be read as a useful matrix of immanent nationalism as a broader socio-cultural and sociopolitical phenomenon that shapes the national states, multi-national communities, “super-nations” and other state entities of the contemporary world. Key words: modernism, nationalism, immanent nationalism, high culture
- SOCIAL PHENOMENOLOGY OF A WORK OF ART/MUSIC – SPECIFICATION TROUGH OPERA
The text explains the reasons for the need of understanding the social character of the art of music, and especially opera, using analytical phenomenology of a work of art/music. Musical phenomena constitute one kind of experience in which conscience looks for an object created by sound and its relations with network of sounds. Opera introduces socially constituted deontic values, social norms and their dramatic degradation using plot, character and their interaction through music or musical drama into that fluid context of sounds, tones, and movements and confronts them in the perception of recipients of musical/dramatic messages with their own values, and thus, reconstructs those values in a drastic way in reception or realization or experience of truth, based on a single example of individual or collective fate.
- HANS MOL’S SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION: REFLECTIONS ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE IDENTITY AND THE SACRED
The paper explicates Hans Mol’s basic principles of identity theory of religion focusing on the relationship of the central theoretical concepts in the context of his sociology of religion – concept based on observing the relation between social production of the structure of the identity and the sacred. It is shown that religion for Hans Mola is understandable and determinable from the perspective of “mechanism of sacralization of the identity” specifying each of its constituent elements. The paper positions the role that Hans Mol took up on the debate about the secularization of the sixties and seventies from which certain conclusions can be made that the debate had the famous “theoretical logic of sociology” (Jeffrey C. Alexander). Among other things, the paper discusses also the authentic consequences of the “identity theory of religion” which are expressed in the form of sacralization of any scientific or political discourse. This paper is structured from introduction, three chapters and conclusion.
- KRITISCHE PHILOSOPHIE DES GEISTES
- Translated from German into Bosnian by KENAN ŠLJIVO
Danas se ljudske spoznajne moći istražuju unutar filozofije duha. Kritika se ne usmjerava ka njenom cilju postizanja jedne šire klasifikacije, to jest „teorije“ naših duhovnih kapaciteta. No, ukoliko je čitamo između redova (Kritiku), nalazimo brojne osnove za jednu transcendentalnu psihologiju čija je spoznajnoteorijska strana često zanemarivana. Ona je sve drugo osim jedne, kako to Strawson (1966) na čudan način kategorički tvrdi, fantomske znanosti. Sam program Kritike usmjerava filozofiju duha u jednom osobitom pravcu; ona (Kritika) zahtijeva da se ova (filozofija duha) usmjeri, a ne da to direktno i bude, u pravcu jedne kritike spoznaje.Protiv jednog novijeg pokušaja da se Kritika čita kao direktan doprinos d anašnjoj kognitivnoj znanosti (Brook) je metodološka provalija koja dijeli jednu transcendentalnu od jedne empirijski dokazive teorije. Ovdje nije odlučujuće to što Kant današnje znanosti koje proučavaju kogniciju nije poznavao, već to što one, neurofiziologija, psiholingvistika i računarska znanost, postavljaju empirijska umjesto transcendentalnih pitanja. Zato i ne čudi da Kantova glavna teza u filozofiji duha, naime teza transcendentalnog idealizma, kod Brooka igra samo jednu sporednu ulogi. (…)
Logic in Bosnia and Herzegovina
In the new article written by Professor Nijaz Ibrulj: BOSNIA PORPHYRIANA – An Outline of the Development of Logic in Bosnia and Herzegovina (University Press of America 2013. Edited by Andrew Schumann): Which authors wrote logical books and articles in Bosnia and Herzegovina starting from 16th century? Which works are written in Arabic, Latin and Bosnian language? What impact had Aristotelian Logic and Porphyrian Isagogics on the development of modern theological and scientific thought? Why was burned every copy of Porphyries’ book Against Christians (Adversus Christianos) by Theodosius II in 435 and again in 448 ? Why St. Augustine said in the book De Civitate Dei that Porphyrius was “most intelligent of philosophers, but worst enemy of Christians” ? What impact had Greek commentators on the Latin, Arab, and Bosnian commentators of Aristotle and Porphyrius? Why is today translated Porphyries’ article Eisagoge / Isagoge from the ancient Greek to Bosnian language?
John R. Searle is a member of International Editorial Board !
Jan Wolenski is a member of International Editorial Board !
Andej Ule is a member of International Editorial Board !
William Bill Child is a member of International Editorial Board !
Werner Stelzner is a member of International Editorial Board !
Andrew Schumann is a member of International Editorial Board !
Studia humana (SH) is a multi-disciplinary peer reviewed journal publishing valuable contributions on any aspect of human sciences such as… ANALYTIC PHILOSOPHY AND PHILOSOPHICAL LOGIC related to universal features of epistemology, philosophy of science, foundations and methodology of physics, philosophy of religion, philosophy of mind, praxeology, non-classical …